Does plasmid have promoter?

The basic role for plasmids are to carry genes for altering DNA or for expressing proteins. Plasmids are replicated by bacteria but unless there is a bacterial promoter will not express protein. Plasmids are often used to transiently transfect cells of other organisms. Phages are also used for this purpose.

Is there one promoter per gene?

The median number of promoters per gene on our microarray is three (B). There are a significant number of single-promoter genes on the array, but these are invariably share a bidirectional promoter with multi-promoter genes.

Can a gene have multiple promoters?

Multiple promoters have been identified in a number of genes, particularly those that have complex tissue-specific patterns of regulation and multiple contexts of activation by different signals. It will be important to determine which of the three mREST promoters is regulated by neuronal activity.

What is a promoter plasmid?

Promoters are about 100 to 1000 base pairs long and found upstream of their target genes. The sequence of the promoter region controls the binding of the RNA polymerase and transcription factors, therefore promoters play a large role in determining where and when your gene of interest will be expressed.

Is promoter a DNA?

Promoter sequences are DNA sequences that define where transcription of a gene by RNA polymerase begins. Promoter sequences are typically located directly upstream or at the 5′ end of the transcription initiation site.

Can you have two promoters?

The 2x 35S promoter locates within the T-DNA. So, the 2x 35S promoter with your tissue-specific promoter and GFP will be co-transferred into the plant genome at a same locus if there is no truncation or re-arrangement occurs. The 2x 35S promoter carries 2 enhancers.

What is bidirectional promoter?

Bidirectional promoter. A genomic region of DNA that initiates transcription in both orientations. Different definitions of bidirectional promoters have been applied in diverse studies.

What if there is no TATA box?

When there is an absence of the TATA box and TBP is not present, the downstream promoter element (DPE) in cooperation with the initiator element (Inr) bind to the transcription factor II D (TFIID), initiating transcription in TATA-less promoters.

Do prokaryotes have a promoter?

Prokaryotes only carry three promoter elements, -10, -35, and the UP elements, whereas eukaryotes carry a wide variety of promoter elements (4). In addition, the use of enhancers in eukaryotic transcription allows the promoter sites in remote location on the DNA to initiate transcription.

What are promoters in DNA?

Promoter sequences are DNA sequences that define where transcription of a gene by RNA polymerase begins. Promoter sequences define the direction of transcription and indicate which DNA strand will be transcribed; this strand is known as the sense strand.

What is dual promoter vector?

The dual promoter vectors can be used for rapid cloning, expression, and purification of target proteins from both prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems with the ability to study post-translation modifications.

How are the xyla and xylB genes organized?

The identification and mapping of xyl gene promoters suggest that the xylA and xylB genes are organized as an operon having a single xylose inducible promoter preceding the xylA gene [15]. The gene ( xylA) that encodes it has been cloned by complementing a xylA mutant of the ancestral strain, with the use of a shuttle vector [16].

Which is Xyla gene coding for xylose isomerase?

The xylose isomerase -encoding gene (xylA) of Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum: cloning, sequencing and phylogeny of XylA enzymes. The xylA gene coding for xylose isomerase from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga neapolitana 5068 was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. High impact information on xylA

How big is the central region of xyla?

A central region of 2.9 kbp complemented an xylA (for xylene oxygenase) mutant of Pseudomonas putida mt-2 and was also capable of conferring the ability to convert indole to indigo on strains of Escherichia coli and P. putida [11].