Why was the Waitangi Tribunal set up in 1975?

10 October 1975 The Labour government created the Tribunal to hear Māori claims of breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi. The Tribunal was created to report on and suggest settlements for contemporary Māori claims, and to ensure that future legislation was consistent with the treaty.

How did the Waitangi Tribunal start?

The Waitangi Tribunal was established by the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975. Since the Treaty was signed in 1840, Māori have made many complaints to the Crown that the terms of the Treaty were not being upheld. Often these petitions and protests fell on deaf ears. In 1877, one judge said the Treaty was a ‘legal nullity’.

What did the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975 set up to do?

Today the Treaty is widely accepted to be a constitutional document that establishes and guides the relationship between the Crown in New Zealand (embodied by our government) and Māori. The Treaty promised to protect Māori culture and to enable Māori to continue to live in New Zealand as Māori.

What did the Waitangi Tribunal achieve?

By establishing the Waitangi Tribunal, Parliament provided a legal process by which Māori Treaty claims could be investigated. Tribunal inquiries contribute to the resolution of Treaty claims and to the reconciliation of outstanding issues between Māori and the Crown.

What are the 3 principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?

The “3 Ps” – out with the old The “3 Ps” comprise the well-established Crown Treaty framework – the principles of partnership, participation and protection. They came out of the Royal Commission on Social Policy in 1986.

What power does the Waitangi Tribunal have?

The Waitangi Tribunal is a standing commission of inquiry. It makes recommendations on claims brought by Māori relating to legislation, policies, actions or omissions of the Crown that are alleged to breach the promises made in the Treaty of Waitangi.

Who passed the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975?

Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975 For many years Māori MPs had pressed for the treaty to have statutory recognition, since it had no legal authority unless incorporated into New Zealand law. With the aim of improving relationships between the Crown and Māori, the government passed the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975.

What is a Māori hapu?

In Māori and New Zealand English, a hapū (“subtribe”, or “clan”) functions as “the basic political unit within Māori society”. A Māori person can belong to or have links to many hapū. Historically, each hapū had its own chief and normally operated independently of its iwi (tribe).

What does Rangatiratanga mean in New Zealand?

Māori sovereignty
Rangatiratanga is defined as Māori sovereignty, self-determination, and positive Māori development. In the context of Māoridom, rangatiratanga is the concept of leading a rōpū to achieve their collective aspirations in a way that acknowledges Māori knowledge and values.

How many people does the Waitangi Tribunal usually consist of?

20 members
Waitangi Tribunal members The Waitangi Tribunal has up to 20 members. The chairperson of the Waitangi Tribunal is Chief Judge Wilson Isaac of the Māori Land Court.

How old are the Māori?

Māori are the tangata whenua, the indigenous people, of New Zealand. They came here more than 1000 years ago from their mythical Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. Today, one in seven New Zealanders identify as Māori. Their history, language and traditions are central to New Zealand’s identity.

Does HAPU mean pregnancy?

The word whānau means both to give birth and family, and hapū means both pregnant and clan, illustrating the significance of pregnancy and childbirth to Māori. When a family line was in danger of disappearing through lack of children it was called a whare ngaro (lost house).