Which is the proto Dravidian language?
Proto-South Dravidian is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the south Dravidian languages. Its descendants include Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Tulu, Badaga, Kodava, Irula, Kota and Toda.
Are Indo Aryan and Dravidian languages related?
Dravidian languages are mostly spoken in the south of the Indian subcontinent, while Indo-Aryan languages are concentrated in the north. It is thought that Dravidian languages were native to the Indian subcontinent and were originally spread across all of India.
What is Indo Dravidian?
The Dravidian peoples, or Dravidians, are an ethnolinguistic group living in South Asia who predominantly speak any of the Dravidian languages. There are around 245 million native speakers of Dravidian languages. The third century BCE onwards saw the development of large kingdoms in South India.
Is proto Dravidian same as Tamil?
The Indus valley people spoke a version of Proto Dravidian. The very absence of such a name, and the fact that Dravida came from Tamil and also the most important fact that 90% of Proto Dravidian is Tamil, strongly advocate the fact that Proto Dravidian is nothing but TAMIL.
Which Dravidian language is oldest?
Tamil. Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. In the early 21st century, Tamil was spoken by more than 66 million people, mostly residing in India, northern Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, Fiji, and Myanmar (Burma).
Which is older Dravidian or Sanskrit?
The Tamil language is recognized as the oldest language in the world and it is the oldest language of the Dravidian family. This language had a presence even around 5,000 years ago. The Sanskrit language has been spoken since 5,000 years before Christ. Sanskrit is still the official language of India.
Is Tamil Indo-European?
Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu, the four major languages spoken there, are Dravidian languages. They are structurally unrelated to the languages of northern India, which are Indo-European.
Which is oldest Dravidian language?
Where did the Dravidian language family come from?
Dravidian is one of the primary language families in the Nostratic proposal, which would link most languages in North Africa, Europe and Western Asia into a family with its origins in the Fertile Crescent sometime between the last Ice Age and the emergence of Proto-Indo-European 4,000–6,000 BCE.
Which is the adjectival form of Dravida language?
The word I have chosen is ‘Dravidian’, from Drāviḍa, the adjectival form of Draviḍa. This term, it is true, has sometimes been used, and is still sometimes used, in almost as restricted a sense as that of Tamil itself, so that though on the whole it is the best term I can find, I admit it is not perfectly free from ambiguity.
Which is the smallest branch of the Dravidian languages?
The smallest branch of the Dravidian languages is the Central branch, which has only around 200,000 speakers. These languages are mostly tribal, and spoken in central India. The second-smallest branch is the Northern branch, with around 6.3 million speakers.
Are there any Dravidian languages spoken outside of India?
Only two Dravidian languages are spoken exclusively outside the post-1947 state of India: Brahui in the Balochistan region of Pakistan and Afghanistan; and Dhangar, a dialect of Kurukh, in parts of Nepal and Bhutan.