What were the provisions of the Treaty of Nanking?

Under the Treaty of Nanking, signed on August 29, 1842, China agreed to open the five ports requested (Canton, Amoy, Foochow, Ningpo, and Shanghai), pay an indemnity of 20 million silver dollars, abolish the Cohong monopoly that hitherto had controlled trade in and through Canton, and adhere to a fixed schedule of …

What were the five demands of the Treaty of Nanking?

The Treaty of Nanjing, the beginning of a series of unfair agreements that benefited the West and hurt China, required China to repay British merchants for damages, open five ports for British residence and trade, and place a low tariff on British goods.

What was the Treaty of Nanking what war did it end what did Britain gain from the Treaty?

the First Opium War
In 1841, China ceded the island to the British, and in 1842 the Treaty of Nanking was signed, formally ending the First Opium War. Britain’s new colony flourished as an East-West trading center and as the commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China.

What did Great Britain gain from the Treaty of Nanjing?

In the Treaty of Nanjing that ended the First Opium War in 1842, Britain made China pay a huge indemnity (payment for losses in the war). Britain also gained Hong Kong; The Treaty of Nanjing is the treaty which marked the end of the First Opium War and would have a lasting effect on East -West relations.

What was the root cause of the Taiping Rebellion?

The causes of the Taiping Rebellion were symptomatic of larger problems existent within China, problems such as lack of strong, central control over a large territory and poor economic prospects for a massive population.

What was the result of the Taiping Rebellion?

The Taiping forces were run as a cult-like group called the God Worshipping Society by self-proclaimed prophet Hong Xiuquan, and resulted in the rebels seizing the city of Nanjing for a decade. The Taiping Rebellion eventually failed, however, and led to the deaths of more than 20 million people.

Was Hong Kong a treaty port?

Although the great majority of Chinese lived in traditional rural areas, a handful of booming treaty port cities became vibrant centers that had an enormous long-term impact on the Chinese economy and society. Tianjin and Shenyang followed; Hong Kong, although a British colony, not a treaty port was similar.

How did the Treaty of Nanking hurt China?

The Nanking Treaty ended the old Canton System and created a new disadvantageous framework for China’s foreign relations and overseas trade, which would last for almost a hundred years and marked the start of China’s century of humiliation at the hands of foreign powers.

Who was in the Treaty of Nanking?

The Treaty of Nanking was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–1842) between the United Kingdom and Qing Dynasty in China on 29 August 1842….Treaty of Nanking.

Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Commerce Between Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and the Emperor of China
Signed 29 August 1842

How did Hong Kong belong to UK?

The Qing dynasty ceded Hong Kong to the British Empire in 1842 through the treaty of Nanjing, ending the First Opium War. Hong Kong then became a British crown colony. The Handover of Hong Kong on July 1, 1997, returned Hong Kong to Chinese rule, and it adopted the Hong Kong Basic Law.

How did the Treaty of Nanjing affect China quizlet?

Treaty of Nanjing, agreed to open 5 ports to British trade and limit tariffs on British goods and gave Hong Kong. The Chinese were forced to open several ports to British trade, provide Britain with complete control of Hong Kong, and grant extraterritoriality to British citizens living in China.

Who proposed the open door policy for China?

Secretary of State John Hay
Secretary of State John Hay first articulated the concept of the “Open Door” in China in a series of notes in 1899–1900.

What was the outcome of the Treaty of Nanking?

The Treaty of Nanking ( Nanjing) was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–1842) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842. It was the first of what the Chinese later called the unequal treaties. In the wake of China’s military defeat,…

Who was the interpreter for the Treaty of Nanking?

HMS Cornwallis and the British squadron in Nanking, saluting the conclusion of the treaty. The treaty was sealed by interpreter John Robert Morrison for the British and Wang Tajin for the Chinese. Harry Parkes, who was a student of Chinese under Morrison, gave his account of the ceremony:

What was the treaty between Great Britain and China?

There shall henceforward be Peace and Friendship between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of China, and between their respective Subjects, who shall enjoy full security and protection for their persons and property within the Dominions of the other. ARTICLE II.

How many Chinese died in the Battle of Nanking?

• Britain’s superior Navy/weapons dominated Chinese • Chinese casualties: 18,000 – 20,000 killed • British casualties: 620 killed/wounded • British warships were harbored in Nanking, prepared to attack the city • China was also fighting wars on other fronts, protecting their vast Empire • British had extreme leverage going into negotiations Issues