What type of government did the Sparta have?
Was Sparta a dictatorship?
Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other citystates shifted to tyrannies and democracies. A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people. However, the council of elders in Sparta was smaller and had much more power than Athens’s council.
What was ancient Sparta known for?
Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. Sparta was located in a valley on the banks of the Eurotas River in the south-eastern portion of Greece.
Is the story of the 300 Spartans true?
It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the Battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.
How many did 300 Spartans kill?
What caused the fall of Sparta?
Sparta entered its long-term decline after a severe military defeat to Epaminondas of Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra. As Spartan citizenship was inherited by blood, Sparta increasingly faced a helot population that vastly outnumbered its citizens.
What is the Spartan mirage?
Sparta is one of the most renowned of the ancient Greek city-states, and after its defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404) was for a period the dominant Greek power. The distorted image of Sparta which results is commonly called ‘the Spartan mirage’.
Where was Sparta located?
What was a female Viking called?
Most of what we know about women warriors in the Viking Age comes from literary works, including the romantic sagas Saxo called upon as some of his sources. Female warriors known as “Valkyries,” who may have been based on shieldmaidens, are certainly an important part of Old Norse literature.