What is primary vesicoureteral reflux?

Primary vesicoureteral reflux. Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that normally prevents urine from flowing backward from the bladder into the ureters. Primary vesicoureteral reflux is the more common type.

What is the surgery for vesicoureteral reflux?

Ureteral reimplantation surgery is a surgical procedure where the connection between the ureter and the bladder is reconstructed to prevent VUR.

What is endoscopic injection?

This approach corrects VUR by injecting a bulking agent to elevate and coapt the ureteral orifice and detrusor tunnel. Endoscopic injection treatment is minimally invasive, performed on an outpatient basis, and technically straightforward, with a relatively short learning curve and low complication rate.

What is the treatment for urine reflux?

Secondary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is treated by removing the blockage or improving how the bladder empties which is causing the reflux. Treatment may include: Surgery to remove a blockage or correct an abnormal bladder or ureter. Antibiotics to prevent or treat a UTI.

What are the types of VUR?

There are two types of VUR:

  • Primary VUR is present at birth. It is caused by a defect in the development of the valve at the end of the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureter).
  • Secondary VUR occurs when an obstruction in the bladder or urethra causes urine to flow backward into the kidneys.

How long is vesicoureteral reflux surgery?

The surgery will last about 2-3 hours. A surgery nurse will come out from time to time to let you know how your child is doing. Your child may have a drainage tubes such as an urethral catheter left after surgery. After surgery, your child will be taken to the recovery room and then up to the urology floor.

What is endoscopic variceal ligation?

Endoscopic variceal ligation, or endoscopic band ligation, is a procedure that uses elastic bands to treat enlarged veins, or varices, in your esophagus.

Is vesicoureteral reflux treatable?

Vesicoureteral reflux may persist in a small number of children, but it generally resolves on its own without need for further intervention. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

Is vesicoureteral reflux common?

VUR is more common in infants and children ages 2 and under, but it can also be present in older children and even adults. Children who have abnormal kidneys or urinary tracts are more likely to have VUR. Girls are more likely than boys to have VUR.

Is PUV curable?

PUV is one type of bladder outlet obstruction – these extra flaps of tissue block (obstruct) urine flowing out of the bladder and through the urethra. This can cause complications in a newborn baby. Once the PUV are confirmed, they need to be removed by surgery. Some boys have no symptoms or complications after this.

What is the surgery called to fix kidney reflux?

Vesicoureteral kidney reflux surgery, also called ureteral reimplantation, is performed to correct this condition and prevent further occurrences of VUR. Surgeons use a few different techniques to perform this procedure.