What declension is Koine Greek?
Almost all Greek nouns belong to one of three INFLECTION patterns, called the FIRST DECLENSION, SECOND DECLENSION, and THIRD DECLENSION. Each represents a particular set of CASE ENDINGS for gender, number, and case.
What is first and second declension in Greek?
The second declension, in contrast to the first, consists primarily of masculine and neuter nouns. It is occasionally referred to as the ο-declension, because of the recurrence of the vowel omicron. As in the first declension, the declension remains identical in the nominative, vocative, and accusative of the dual.
What is a 1st declension noun?
The first declension is a category of declension that consists of mostly feminine nouns in Ancient Greek and Latin with the defining feature of a long ā (analysed as either a part of the stem or a case-ending).
What is first declension and second declension?
1st declension nouns are (almost always) feminine in gender. 2nd declension nouns are masculine or neuter. Again, the gender is arbitrary, but the declension patterns are associated with certain grammatical genders. Adjectives, however, have no inherent gender.
What is declension in Greek grammar?
In Ancient Greek, all nouns are classified according to grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and are used in a number (singular, dual, or plural). The set of forms that a noun will take for each case and number is determined by the declension that it follows.
What does second declension mean in Greek?
The second declension is a category of nouns in Latin and Greek with similar case formation. In particular, these nouns are thematic, with an original o in most of their forms. In Classical Latin, the short o of the nominative and accusative singular became u.
What is an example of a declension?
Declension (other than for number) becomes most obvious in English when looking at pronouns. For example, in a sentence saying that a ball belongs to a male person, with the ball in subject position, there is declension for case (possessive) and gender. The form of the pronoun, then, would be ”his”: The ball was his.
What is the nominative singular first declension ending?
Latin words of the first declension have an invariable stem and are generally of feminine gender. The nominative singular form consists of the stem and the suffix -a, and the genitive singular form is the stem plus -ae. There is a small category of masculine exceptions, which generally refer to occupations.
What is first and second declension?
1st declension nouns are (almost always) feminine in gender. 2nd declension nouns are masculine or neuter. Again, the gender is arbitrary, but the declension patterns are associated with certain grammatical genders.
What is the difference between conjugation and declension?
Conjugation and declension refer to specific types of inflection, or rather, that of specific classes: conjugation describes inflection of verbs. declension, which describes inflection of anything else, usually nouns, but possibly also pronouns, adjectives, determiners, depending on the language.
How many declensions does Greek have?
There are five CASES in Greek, the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative. In English, readers rely on the order in which words appear in a sentence to indicate the grammatical function of each word. In Ancient Greek, their case tells the reader the grammatical function of each word in the sentence.
How are first declension nouns accented in Greek?
1 Some FIRST DECLENSION nouns, e.g. τιμή -ῆς, have a persistent accent on the ultima of all inflected forms. When this… 2 No matter where the persistent accent of a FIRST DECLENSION noun falls, the genitive plural is accented with a… More
What are the endings of the first declension in Greek?
Greek nouns of the first declension are feminine or masculine. In the Attic and Koine dialects, the lemma form of feminine nouns ends in -η, -ᾰ, -ᾱ (-ē, -a, -ā), and that of masculine nouns in -ης, -ᾱς (-ēs, -ās) . An overview of first-declension endings in Attic and Koine.
What was the first declension of the Greek alphabet?
Appendix:Ancient Greek first declension. Greek nouns of the first declension are feminine or masculine. In the Attic and Koine dialects, the lemma form of feminine nouns ends in -η, -ᾰ, -ᾱ (-ē, -a, -ā), and that of masculine nouns in -ης, -ᾱς (-ēs, -ās). An overview of first-declension endings in Attic and Koine.
Is the future most vivid a conditional sentence in Greek?
Conditional sentences. Again, a non-original, one-page overview. Note to teachers of Greek: The future most vivid is not included here, since it’s a figment of the grammarian’s imagination. See again Rijksbaron (ref. above); it is to be subsumed under the Neutral (Simple) Conditional.