What cable is used for RS-485?

Cable construction: Cat5 24AWG twisted pair is a very common cable type used for RS-485 systems. Adding shielding to the cable enhances noise immunity, and thereby increases the data rate for a given distance.

What is a RS-485 cable?

RS-485 is an industrial specification that defines the electrical interface and physical layer for point-to-point communication of electrical devices. The RS-485 standard allows for long cabling distances in electrically noisy environments and can support multiple devices on the same bus.

How many wires are needed for RS-485?

3 conductors
RS485 needs 3 conductors and a shield. Many people say it’s a two-wire network but it is not. Two conductors are used to carry the RS485 Differential voltage signal.

Can CAT6 cable be used for RS-485?

Definitely yes, the CAT5/5E or CAT6 cable is perfect for industrial use of RS485 network.

Can you use Ethernet cable for RS485?

cat5e can be used up to 100m ethernet link. it has 4 twisted pairs so technically you should be able to use it for RS485 or RS422. if using 485, you need two twisted pairs so remaining 4 wires can be used for power. 485 cable should be shielded but twisted pairs of cat5e may work for some environments and baud rates.

Which cable is used for Modbus communication?

For MODBUS communications, a shielded and twisted pair cable is used. One example of such cable is Belden 3105A. But any cable with similar characteristics can be used to connect all the devices together.

Is RS485 an Ethernet?

By converting RS485 data signals into Ethernet (TCP or UDP) packets, and vice versa, they enable reliable data transmission to other devices or network server applications. This is accomplished by encapsulating the RS485 data in Ethernet packets in a manner that best fits the type of data being transported.

Where is RS485 used?

RS-485 is also used in building automation as the simple bus wiring and long cable length is ideal for joining remote devices. It may be used to control video surveillance systems or to interconnect security control panels and devices such as access control card readers.

What is difference between RS485 and Modbus?

Is Modbus the same as RS485? The answer is no, because both of these are relative concepts that need each other in order to fulfil their purposes. Modbus defines the protocol type and RS485 defines the signal level on the protocol.

Can Ethernet cable be used for RS485?

How far can you run RS485 cable?

4,000 feet
RS485 is popular for inexpensive local networks, multidrop communication links and long haul data transfer over distances of up to 4,000 feet. The use of a balanced line means RS485 has excellent noise rejection and is ideal for industrial and commercial applications.

What kind of cable do I need for Modbus?

Modbus has been a standard for interfacing remote I/O and PLCs into the process DLC system for over 20 years; most legacy control systems can integrate easily with Modbus. You can interface quickly and easily with most existing plant control architectures by using Belden Modbus Cables.

What is the nominal OD of RS485 bus cable?

For RS485/RS422 bus systems; stationary & continuous flex applications; 100 – 120 ohms NOMINAL OD (IN): 0.225 NOMINAL OD (MM): 5.7 For RS485/RS422 bus systems; stationary & continuous flex applications; 100 – 120 ohms NOMINAL OD (IN): 0.28 NOMINAL OD (MM): 7.1 For RS485/RS422 bus systems; stationary & continuous flex applications; 100 – 120 ohms

Do you need twisted wires for RS-485 Master?

However, we recommend shielding for long runs and if there is electrically noisy equipment nearby like variable speed drives. If you use shielded cable, connect the shield to earth ground at one end (generally the PC or RS-485 master). Do you need twisted wires? Yes, especially for non-shielded cable. What voltage rating do you need?

What is the capacitance of a RS-485 Cat 5 cable?

With a typical capacitance of 15 pF/ft. and a characteristic impedance of 100 ohms, Cat 5 cables almost meets the electrical requirements for RS-485 cables. The capacitance is close to 12.5 pF/foot but there is a small impedance mismatch (100 ohms for Cat 5, 120 ohms for RS-485).