Is diabetes related to tuberculosis?
About 15% of TB cases globally may be linked to diabetes ▪ TB can temporarily cause impaired glucose tolerance which is a risk factor for developing diabetes ▪ The likelihood that a person with TB will die or relapse is significantly higher if the person also has diabetes.
Is diabetes a risk factor for tuberculosis?
Diabetes mellitus was identified as a risk factor for developing tuberculosis (TB) infection, and relapse after therapy. The risk of acquiring TB is described as comparable to that of HIV population. The fact that diabetics are 3× times more prone to develop pulmonary TB than nondiabetics cannot be overlooked.
What can a diabetic with TB eat?
A healthy balanced diet for a person with TB
- Cereals, millets and pulses.
- Vegetables and fruits.
- Milk and milk products, meat, eggs & fish.
- Oils, fats and nuts and oils seeds.
What are the symptoms of latent TB?
The Difference between Latent TB Infection (LTBI) and TB Disease
- a bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer.
- pain in the chest.
- coughing up blood or sputum.
- weakness or fatigue.
- weight loss.
- no appetite.
What is diabetic tuberculosis?
INTRODUCTION. The global increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a recognized re-emerging risk and challenge to tuberculosis (TB) control (1). Individuals with DM have three times the risk of developing TB and there are now more individuals with TB-DM co-morbidity than TB-HIV co-infection.
Which food is not good for TB patients?
Limit refined products, like sugar, white breads, and white rice. Avoid high-fat, high-cholesterol red meat and instead load up on leaner protein sources like poultry, beans, tofu, and fish.
Does latent TB go away by itself?
Treatment of latent TB lasts for months. The standard therapy is a drug called isoniazid, usually prescribed as a nine-month course.
What are the signs of diabetes?
- Urinating often.
- Feeling very thirsty.
- Feeling very hungry—even though you are eating.
- Extreme fatigue.
- Blurry vision.
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal.
- Weight loss—even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
How can you prevent TB from spreading?
Stop the Spread of TB
- Take all of your medicines as they’re prescribed, until your doctor takes you off them.
- Keep all your doctor appointments.
- Always cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- Don’t visit other people and don’t invite them to visit you.
How is TB related to people with diabetes?
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious health threat, especially for people living with diabetes. Two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection and TB disease. People with latent TB infection are not sick because the body is able to fight the bacteria to stop them from growing.
What are the most common side effects of tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis complications include: Spinal pain. Back pain and stiffness are common complications of tuberculosis. Joint damage. Arthritis that results from tuberculosis (tuberculous arthritis) usually affects the hips and knees.
What are the symptoms of tuberculosis outside the lungs?
Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing. Unintentional weight loss. Fatigue. Fever. Night sweats. Chills. Loss of appetite. Tuberculosis can also affect other parts of your body, including the kidneys, spine or brain. When TB occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary according to the organs involved.