How is mitral balloon valvuloplasty done?

In balloon valvuloplasty, a catheter is inserted in the heart and guided to the narrowed valve. The balloon is then inflated, which expands the opening of the valve. In a valvuloplasty, a doctor inserts a long, thin tube (catheter) with a balloon on the tip into an artery in your arm or groin.

How long does mitral valvuloplasty last?

The effects of a mitral valvuloplasty may last a minimum of about two years. The procedure offers immediate relief from symptoms and improves blood flow, but is not a cure for mitral valve disease, which must be managed with regular checkups, medication and good lifestyle practices.

How do you measure BMV balloon size?

Today, balloon size is conventionally chosen based on the patient’s height according to a simple formula: size = 0.1 x height + 10.

What is mitral balloon valvuloplasty?

A balloon valvotomy is a treatment for mitral valve stenosis. It is a procedure that widens the mitral valve so that blood flows more easily through the heart. A balloon valvotomy is a minimally invasive procedure.

How do you measure balloon Inoue?

There are two basic methods to decide the size of the Inoue balloon. One is the use of an empirical formula to calculate inflated balloon catheter diameter based on the height of the patient [size = 0.1 × height (cm) + 10].

What is a mitral Commissurotomy?

Commissurotomy is an open-heart surgery that repairs a mitral valve that is narrowed from mitral valve stenosis. During this surgery, a person is put on a heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon removes calcium deposits and other scar tissue from the valve leaflets.

What kind of balloon is used for mitral valvuloplasty?

Lock et al 8 in India first reported the use of such a cylindrical balloon for mitral valvuloplasty. Subsequently, the idea of a double-balloon technique was introduced from Saudi Arabia 9 as a potential alternative method for balloon commissurotomy.

What are the uses of the Inoue balloon catheter?

Indications. The Inoue-Balloon Catheter is indicated for Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy in patients with hemodynamically significant mitral valvular stenosis resulting primarily from commissural fusion of the mitral valve cusps. An echocardiographic study should suggest that balloon commissurotomy is the appropriate procedure…

Who was the first person to balloonize a mitral valve?

In 1982, Kanji Inoue, a Japanese cardiac surgeon, first developed the idea that a degenerated mitral valve could be inflated using a balloon made of strong yet pliant natural rubber. 7 This concept was similar to the already abandoned closed surgical technique at that time.

Which is the correct procedure for mitral stenosis?

An echocardiographic study should suggest that balloon commissurotomy is the appropriate procedure for improving the patient’s symptoms and hemodynamic status. The PTMC procedure is one of several methods for treating symptomatic mitral stenosis.