Does levofloxacin treat Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
maltophilia strains developed in patients treated with levofloxacin. Our data suggest that levofloxacin can be a useful alternative option for treating S. maltophilia infections.
Does levofloxacin cover Stenotrophomonas?
Background: Levofloxacin has been considered as an alternative treatment for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection. However, levofloxacin-resistant S. maltophilia (LRSM) are emerging worldwide.
How can Stenotrophomonas maltophilia be prevented?
Effective infection control measures can minimize or limit the spread of this and other organisms in the ICU. Appropriate isolation procedures, rather than antimicrobial therapy, should be used to control the spread of S maltophilia.
What drugs cover stenotrophomonas?
The treatment of choice for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT).
Is it serious to have stenotrophomonas Maltophilia in your system?
maltophilia) infection will depend on many factors including the site of the infection, severity of the infection, response to antibiotics , and presence and severity of other health problems. S. maltophilia infections may be life-threatening, especially for people with severely weakened immune systems.
Is Stenotrophomonas maltophilia contagious?
Transmission. S. maltophilia does not readily spread between patients and is not a common cause of healthcare-associated infection.
What are the symptoms of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
maltophilia are similar to other bacterial pneumonia and may include fever, cough, mucus, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Symptoms of a blood infection (bacteremia) may include a fever, rapid heart rate, low blood pressure, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and confusion.
How is Stenotrophomonas maltophilia transmitted?
maltophilia can be found in fluids, such as irrigation solutions (fluids used to clean a wound or wash out a body cavity like the ear canal or bladder) and intravenous (IV) fluids, as well as patient secretions, such as mucus from the respiratory tract and urine.
Is Stenotrophomonas infectious?
Conclusion. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a globally emerging pathogen that causes serious infectious complications in immunocompromised patients in particular. It also exhibits a wide range of drug resistance mechanisms and this complicates the management of infections caused by this GNB.
Is there a cure for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
The treatment of nosocomial infections by S. maltophilia is difficult, as this pathogen shows high levels of intrinsic or acquired resistance to different … Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen capable of causing respiratory, bloodstream, and urinary infections.
Where does Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection take place?
Summary Summary. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) infection is a type of bacterial infection. S. maltophilia is found mostly in wet environments. In the hospital setting, S. maltophilia can be found in fluids, such as irrigation solutions (fluids used to clean a wound or wash out a body cavity like the ear canal or bladder)
Are there any alternative treatments for s.maltophilia?
These limitations of both SMX/TMP and the FQs (compounded further by several manufacturer backorders effecting drug supply in recent years) have led clinicians to explore further alternative treatments for S. maltophilia infections.
Who is at risk for Stenotrophomonas bacteremia?
The population at risk includes those who are critically ill, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV, an organ transplant, prolonged therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics, extended need for assisted ventilation, respiratory tract S. maltophilia colonization, and prolonged neutropenia [ 2 ].