You need to pass the amount of time to wait for in milliseconds , which means to wait for one second, you need to pass one thousand milliseconds. To cancel a setTimeout () method from running, you need to use the clearTimeout () method, passing the ID value returned when you call the setTimeout () method.
To cancel the execution, we should call clearTimeout/clearInterval with the value returned by setTimeout/setInterval. Nested setTimeout calls is a more flexible alternative to setInterval, allowing us to set the time between executions more precisely.
When to use the setTimeout ( ) method?
The setTimeout() method calls a function or evaluates an expression after a specified number of milliseconds. Tip: 1000 ms = 1 second. Tip: The function is only executed once. If you need to repeat execution, use the setInterval()
As can be seen from the syntax at the top of the article, there’s a second method of passing parameters to a callback executed by setTimeout. This involves listing any parameters after the delay. Unfortunately, this doesn’t work in IE9 or below, where the parameters come through as undefined.
A call to setTimeout returns a “timer identifier” timerId that we can use to cancel the execution. In the code below, we schedule the function and then cancel it (changed our mind). As a result, nothing happens: As we can see from alert output, in a browser the timer identifier is a number.