What was the original Stroop test?

In the original study by Stroop, people were shown a list of words printed in different colors. It turned out that people were slower and made more mistakes when there was a clash between the word meaning and the ink color (e.g., the word “green” in red ink color). Figure 1. The conditions of the Stroop experiment.

When was the Stroop test created?

Since psychologist John Ridley Stroop first developed this paradigm back in 1935, the Stroop task has since been modified to help understand additional brain mechanisms and expanded to aid in brain damage and psychopathology research.

How is the Stroop test measured?

The standard Stroop Test (Stroop, 1935) consists of color words printed in different colors of ink. Initially, the time taken for participants to read all of the color names is measured. They typically take longer to name the color of ink that the words are printed in than to read the names of the colors.

Is the Stroop test reliable?

It was found that only 44.44% reported the reliability of the Stroop test used, while 77.77% reported the validity, with the most used evidence of validity involving comparing different categories of test takers. The found evidence supports the validity and reliability of computerized Stroop tests.

What is interference in Stroop effect?

The Stroop task requires participants to identify the color of the font in which a word is presented, whilst ignoring the meaning of the word itself. The difference between the incongruent and baseline condition is known as Stroop interference.

How can the Stroop effect be used in the real world?

General real-life applications for the Stroop effect include advertisements and presentations–people who make billboard or magazine ads have to be very careful about the color and font their text is printed in, for example, due to effects like the Stroop effect.

What does Stroop test mean?

The Stroop test, also referred to as the Stroop Color Word Test or the Stroop Effect, is a test dating back to the 1930s that measures cognitive functioning. It may be used as part of the assessment process when conducting an evaluation to determine if someone has mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s, or another type of dementia.

What is the Stroop effect reveals about our minds?

The Stroop effect is a simple phenomenon that reveals a lot about how the how the brain processes information. First described in the 1930s by psychologist John Ridley Stroop, the Stroop effect is our tendency to experience difficulty naming a physical color when it is used to spell the name of a different color. This simple finding plays a huge role in psychological research and clinical psychology.

What is Stroop effect?

The Stroop effect is a demonstration of the phenomenon that the brain’s reaction time slows down when it has to deal with conflicting information. This slowed reaction time happens because of interference, or a processing delay caused by competing or incompatible functions in the brain.