What was the cause of the Texas City explosion?

A giant explosion occurs during the loading of fertilizer onto the freighter Grandcamp at a pier in Texas City, Texas, on April 16, 1947. On April 16, the Grandcamp was being loaded with ammonium nitrate as well as tobacco and government-owned ammunition.

When was the Texas City Disaster?

April 16, 1947
Texas City disaster/Start dates

How many people died in the Texas refinery explosion?

Fifteen workers
At approximately 1:20 p.m. on March 23, 2005, a series of explosions occurred at the BP Texas City refinery during the restarting of a hydrocarbon isomerization unit. Fifteen workers were killed and 180 others were injured. Many of the victims were in or around work trailers located near an atmospheric vent stack.

What chemicals were involved in the Texas City explosion?

At 9:12 a.m., the ammonium nitrate detonated, sending a massive fireball hundreds of feet into the air. The explosion caused a 15-foot wave that crashed onto the docks and flooded surrounding areas.

What happened at BP Texas City?

The Texas City Refinery explosion occurred on March 23, 2005, when a hydrocarbon vapor cloud was ignited and violently exploded at the ISOM isomerization process unit at BP’s Texas City refinery in Texas City, Texas, killing 15 workers, injuring 180 others and severely damaging the refinery.

What is the world’s worst industrial disaster?

The Bhopal disaster
The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is considered among the world’s worst industrial disasters.

What was the main industry of Texas City?

The Texas City economy has long been based on heavy industry, particularly shipping at the Port of Texas City, as well as petroleum and petrochemical refining. The Texas City Industrial Complex is a leading center of the petrochemical industry.

What happens if an oil refinery explodes?

Common Injuries from Refinery Explosions Severe burns, traumatic brain injuries, shockwave injuries, being crushed by flying debris, nerve damage, and death are all possible. A refinery explosion can leave a worker permanently disfigured and paralyzed.

What happened in West Texas explosion?

HOUSTON – The fertilizer plant explosion and fire in West, Texas, happened on April 17, 2013, killing 15 people and causing hundreds of injuries among the rural area’s 2,800 people.

Who owns BP Texas?

Marathon Petroleum Corporation
BP has completed the previously announced sale of its Texas City, Texas refinery and a portion of its retail and logistics network in the Southeast U.S. to Marathon Petroleum Corporation for an estimated $2.4 billion.

How was the Texas City disaster cleaned up?

Shortly before 9:00 a.m., the captain ordered his men to steam the hold, a firefighting method where steam is piped in to extinguish fires, in order to preserve the cargo. This was unlikely to be effective, as ammonium nitrate is an oxidizer, thus neutralizing the extinguishing properties of steam.

When did the BP Texas City Refinery explosion happen?

Investigation Status: The Board approved its final report by a vote of 5-0 at a public meeting in Texas City on March 20, 2007. At approximately 1:20 p.m. on March 23, 2005, a series of explosions occurred at the BP Texas City refinery during the restarting of a hydrocarbon isomerization unit.

What was the capacity of the Texas City Refinery?

The Texas City Refinery was the second-largest oil refinery in the state, and the third-largest in the United States with an input capacity of 437,000 barrels (69,500 m 3) per day as of January 1, 2000. BP acquired the Texas county refinery as part of its merger with Amoco in 1999.

Where was the chemical plant explosion in Texas?

This became the third major chemical plant explosion Crosby, TX, that occurred in the Houston Metro Region in 2019. The KMCO plant explosion caused a massive fire which was triggered by the ignition of isobutylene gas.

Where was the Exxon Mobil explosion in Texas?

The Exxon Mobil plant explosion in Baytown sent a plume of smoke billowing over the Houston area. While no fatalities were reported in the incident, 37 people were left nursing burn-injuries, although no one had to be hospitalized.