What is the meaning of type 2 diabetes?
Overview. Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.
What is difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune reaction that attacks cells in your pancreas that produce insulin and is caused by inherited genetics or environmental elements. Type 2 diabetes happens when your body becomes resistant to insulin and is associated with genetics and lifestyle choice.
What does mellitus mean in diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called “sugar diabetes”) is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells.
How long can you live with type 2 diabetes?
A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.
What is normal blood sugar level Type 2?
Less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) is diagnosed as prediabetes. 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher after two hours suggests diabetes.
What is the main cause of diabetes mellitus?
Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.
What happens to a person with diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the body does not produce enough or respond normally to insulin, causing blood sugar (glucose) levels to be abnormally high. Urination and thirst are increased, and people may lose weight even if they are not trying to.
Are we close to a cure for type 2 diabetes?
Is there a cure for type 2 diabetes? There’s no cure yet, but our scientists are working on a ground-breaking weight management study, to help people put their type 2 diabetes into remission. Remission is when blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels are in a normal range again.
What is the medical definition of type 2 diabetes?
Medical Definition of type 2 diabetes. : diabetes mellitus of a common form that develops especially in adults and most often in obese individuals and that is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production.
What causes DM type 2?
ANSWER. One of the main causes of the type 2 diabetes epidemic, researchers believe, is the rise in obesity. Over time, excess weight makes cells in the muscles, liver, and fat tissue less responsive to insulin — a condition called insulin resistance. From: Diabetes in Men WebMD Medical Reference.
What is another name for type 2 diabetes?
A:Adult-onset diabetes is another term for type 2 diabetes, or diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes is often referred to as adult-onset diabetes because it is often diagnosed in adults, though children and teens may also develop the disease.
What are the risks of uncontrolled diabetes?
Effects of Diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can be extremely dangerous, resulting in loss of vision, damage to the nerves, blood vessels, kidney and increased risk of heart attack.