What is an example of back-formation?

An example of back-formation is the word babysit from babysitter. A new word created by removing an affix from an already existing word, as vacuum clean from vacuum cleaner, or by removing what is mistakenly thought to be an affix, as pea from the earlier English plural pease.

What are back-formation words?

Back-formation is either the process of creating a new lexeme (less precisely, a new “word”) by removing actual or supposed affixes, or a neologism formed by such a process. Back-formations are shortened words created from longer words, thus back-formations may be viewed as a sub-type of clipping.

Is donate back-formation?

Consider donation. You might think it derives from donate, but the noun is several centuries older; donate is the back-formation. Another everyday example is burgle, a back-formation from burglary. In U.S. English, burglarize (or -ise) is by far the more common verb, but burgle dominates in British English.

What is word formation with example?

Suffixes

examples suffixes
employer, actor -er and -or are used to form nouns to describe people who do things
widen, simplify -en and -ify are used to form verbs
reasonable, unprofitable -able is used to form adjectives
unhappily, naturally -ly is a common suffix used to form adverbs

What is difference between clipping and back-formation?

Back-formation is different from clipping – back-formation may change the word’s class or meaning, whereas clipping creates shortened words from longer words, but does not change the class or meaning of the word. Like back-formation, it can produce a new noun or a new verb, but it involves no back-forming.

What are the words formation processes?

According to Yule (1985, p. 53-60) it is stated that there many types of word formation processes. They are Page 3 coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping, backformation, conversion, acronym, derivation, prefix and suffix, and multiple processes.

What are the five processes of word formation?

In this paper different word formation processes were explained including derivation, compounding, blending, clipping, acronymy, backformation and conversion, and also different categories of each were explained.

What is a word formation process?

Definition. Word Formation Process (also called Morphological Process) is a means by which new words are produced either by modification of existing words or by complete innovation, which in turn become a part of the language.

What is difference between clipping and back formation?

What is the back formation of beggar?

Assuming that beggar preceded beg, the verb will end up as an example of so-called back formation, like peddle from peddler or sculpt from sculptor.

What is word formation explain?

In linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new word. The boundary between word formation and semantic change can be difficult to define as a new use of an old word can be seen as a new word derived from an old one and identical to it in form.

What is word formation and its types?

Compounding forms a word out of two or more root morphemes. The words are called compounds or compound words. In Linguistics, compounds can be either native or borrowed.

Which is the best list of back formations?

List of English back-formations. Back-formation is either the process of creating a new lexeme (less precisely, a new “word”) by removing actual or supposed affixes, or a neologism formed by such a process. Back-formations are shortened words created from longer words, thus back-formations may be viewed as a sub-type…

What are some back formation words in English?

Back-Formation 1 babysitter – babysit 2 donation – donate 3 gambler – gamble 4 hazy – haze 5 moonlighter – moonlight 6 obsessive – obsess 7 procession – process 8 resurrection – resurrect 9 sassy – sass 10 television – televise

How are affixes removed in the back formation process?

Instead of adding affixes to words, in the back-formation process, affixes are removed from original words to create new words. This results in new, shorter, and less complex words of the English vocabulary.

What are the different types of word formation?

The resulting words are called blends. Usually in word formation we combine roots or affixes along their edges: one morpheme comes to an end before the next one starts. For example, we form derivationout of the sequence of morphemes de+riv+at(e)+ion.