What are three possible causes of intellectual disabilities?

Causes

  • Infections (present at birth or occurring after birth)
  • Chromosomal abnormalities (such as Down syndrome)
  • Environmental.
  • Metabolic (such as hyperbilirubinemia, or very high bilirubin levels in babies)
  • Nutritional (such as malnutrition)
  • Toxic (intrauterine exposure to alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, and other drugs)

What are 3 intellectual disabilities?

Types of intellectual disabilities

  • Fragile X syndrome. Fragile X syndrome is the most common known cause of an inherited intellectual disability worldwide.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Developmental delay.
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)

What is the number one cause of intellectual disability?

The most common causes of intellectual disability are: Genetic conditions. These include things like Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome. Problems during pregnancy.

What is an example of an intellectual disability?

There are many signs of intellectual disability. For example, children with intellectual disability may: sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children. learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking.

What are the symptoms of severe intellectual disability?

What are some of the signs of intellectual disability?

  • sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.
  • learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking.
  • find it hard to remember things.
  • have trouble understanding social rules.
  • have trouble seeing the results of their actions.
  • have trouble solving problems.

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Diagnosing Intellectual Disability Intellectual functioning is assessed with an exam by a doctor and through standardized testing. While a specific full-scale IQ test score is no longer required for diagnosis, standardized testing is used as part of diagnosing the condition.

How do you prove intellectual disability?

What are the causes of intellectual disability?

The most common causes of intellectual disability are: Genetic conditions. These include things like Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome. Problems during pregnancy. Things that can interfere with fetal brain development include alcohol or drug use, malnutrition, certain infections, or preeclampsia.

What are the most common intellectual disabilities?

The most common syndromes associated with intellectual disability are autism, Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).

What IQ is considered intellectually disabled?

An IQ score below 70 is considered to be a sign of mental retardation, or intellectual disability, by most experts. Many experts consider a score between 70 and 80 to be at the lower range, or borderline range, of intellectual functioning.

What are the causes for cognitive disability?

Some causes of long-term or permanent cognitive impairment include: dementia stroke brain injury