What are three features of fetal alcohol syndrome?

People with FAS can display any number of the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal facial features, particularly a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip.
  • Small head size.
  • Short height.
  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactivity.
  • Difficulty concentrating and short attention span.

What are the three cardinal facial features that are present in individuals diagnosed with FASD?

Typical child with FAS. The 3 cardinal facial features are evident: short palpebral fissures, smooth philtrum, and relatively thin vermilion border of the upper lip. Midface hypoplasia is also apparent.

Can you have FASD without facial features?

Facial anomalies are one of the three diagnostic criteria for FASD, together with prenatal alcohol exposure and neurodevelopmental impairment. A diagnosis of FASD may be made with or without facial features.

What are sentinel facial features?

The three facial features are: Small palpebral fissures: short horizontal length of the eye opening, defined as the distance from the endocanthion to the exocathanion. Smooth philtrum: diminished or absent ridges between the upper lip and nose. Thin upper lip: with small volume.

What are the 4 criteria necessary for a fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosis?

The four broad areas of clinical features that constitute the diagnosis of FAS have remained essentially the same since first described in 1973: selected facial malformations, growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) abnormalities, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

Does fetal alcohol syndrome affect the eyes?

Strabismus (an eye turn) is present in 25 to 50 percent of children with FAS. Some other possible problems include cataracts (clouding of the lens) and nystagmus (involuntary rapid movements of the eye). Changes in the eyelids are common in FAS but may not hinder visual development.

What is the criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome?

An FAS diagnosis requires: Evidence of prenatal alcohol exposure. Evidence of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities (structural or functional) A specific pattern of three facial abnormalities: narrow eye openings, a smooth area between the lip and the nose (vs.

Which of the following are the primary dysmorphic facial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?

The most severe phenotype, fetal alcohol syndrome, involves facial dysmorphism, growth deficits, and neurocognitive problems. The classic facial characteristics include short palpebral fissures, smooth philtrum, and thin upper vermillion.

How does fetal alcohol syndrome affect facial features?

Characteristic facial features in a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Findings may include a smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, upturned nose, flat nasal bridge and midface, epicanthal folds, small palpebral fissures, and small head circumference.

What causes FASD facial features?

FASDs are caused by a woman drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol in the mother’s blood passes to the baby through the umbilical cord. There is no known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy or when trying to get pregnant.

Which of the following are the primary dysmorphic facial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome FAS?

What are the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Signs and Symptoms

  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactive behavior.
  • Difficulty with attention.
  • Poor memory.
  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Speech and language delays.

What are the features of fetal alcohol syndrome?

The physical features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be very subtle and not easily recognizable, particularly in newborns. These features include a smooth upper lip with thin/smooth red portion of the lip, short eye openings, smaller head size, and reduced birth weight and length.

What are the signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?

The severity of fetal alcohol syndrome symptoms varies, with some children experiencing them to a far greater degree than others. Signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome may include any mix of physical defects, intellectual or cognitive disabilities, and problems functioning and coping with daily life. Physical defects.

What are the characteristics of fetal alcohol?

Physical characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome include a head circumference that is smaller than normal; abnormalities of the face, such as small eye openings and eyes that are wide-set, flat cheekbones, and a thin upper lip; and a low birth weight.

How is fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosed?

Ask settings. How is fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosed? There is no single test for fetal alcohol syndrome. A diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome will be made by the severity of symptoms, including: The distinctive facial features; Brain abnormality or mental problems, and; Growth deficits.