What are the physical and cognitive characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Exposure to alcohol in utero is associated with cognitive impairment in various neuropsychological domains, including overall intellectual performance, executive function, learning and memory, language, visual-spatial ability, motor function, attention, and activity levels as well as behavioral problems including …

What are the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

A person with an FASD might have:

  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactive behavior.
  • Difficulty with attention.
  • Poor memory.
  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Speech and language delays.

What are the four criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome?

The four broad areas of clinical features that constitute the diagnosis of FAS have remained essentially the same since first described in 1973: selected facial malformations, growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) abnormalities, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

What is the difference between fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a result of high doses of alcohol consumption during pregnancy such as binge drinking and/or drinking on a regular basis. Fetal Alcohol Effects are a result of moderate drinking throughout pregnancy.

Can one drink cause fetal alcohol syndrome?

don’t realize that drinking one or two drinks can interfere with fetal development. One research study has shown that after 1-2 glasses of wine, fetal breathing is almost completely suppressed, which can be a sign of fetal distress. Figure 5.13 Even 1 or 2 drinks of alcohol can cause damage to the fetal brain.

At what age can fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age. 3 Facial abnormalities observed in affected children are the key cluster of physical features of FAS.

Can one drink cause FASD?

Is an occasional glass of wine OK when pregnant?

Medical professionals advise against drinking wine and other types of alcohol while pregnant because of the risk of its harmful effects on the developing fetus.

What is classed as heavy drinking in pregnancy?

Women were “moderate” drinkers if they consumed fewer than seven drinks a week, but each drink had more alcohol in it, or if they ever binged during their pregnancy, meaning they drank four or five drinks at once. Women were considered “heavy” drinkers if they binged once or twice a week.

What are the facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Abnormal facial features, such as a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip (this ridge is called the philtrum) Different terms are used to describe FASDs, depending on the type of symptoms. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): FAS represents the most involved end of the FASD spectrum.

Are there physical features of prenatal alcohol exposure?

Therefore, physical features are, today, the most specific markers of prenatal alcohol exposure but are only found in a subset of patients with FASD. There are syndromes caused by genetic defects and exposures to other teratogens that share some features with FAS.

What happens to a fetus when exposed to alcohol?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) was the first form of FASD discovered and is the most well-known. Heavy alcohol use during the first trimester of pregnancy can disrupt normal development of the face and the brain. In fact, exposure at any point during gestation may affect brain development.

What is the umbrella term for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders?

The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term which includes the full spectrum of defects resulting from PAE.