What are some arboviruses?
Examples include California encephalitis, Chikungunya, dengue, Eastern equine encephalitis, Powassan, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile, Yellow Fever, and Zika.
What do arboviruses mean?
“Arbovirus,” short for arthropod-borne virus, doesn’t refer to one particular virus. Rather, it refers to a type of virus transmitted via insects that bite and feed on blood. This includes a large family of viruses. In fact, there are over 600 known arboviruses, and more than 80 of them are known human pathogens.
How many arboviruses are there?
There are more than 500 known arboviruses of which approximately 100 are capable of causing disease in humans. The major arthropod vectors of arboviruses are mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, and biting midges.
Why arboviruses are named so?
arbovirus, acronym derived from arthropod-borne virus, any of a group of RNA viruses that develop in arthropods (chiefly blood-sucking mosquitoes and ticks), in which they cause no apparent harm, and are subsequently transmitted by bites to vertebrate hosts, in which they establish infections and complete their growth …
Is chikungunya an arbovirus?
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) of epidemic concern, transmitted by Aedes ssp. mosquitoes, and is the etiologic agent of a febrile and incapacitating arthritogenic illness responsible for millions of human cases worldwide.
What vectors commonly carry arboviruses?
For arboviruses, vectors are commonly mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies and other arthropods that consume the blood of vertebrates for nutritious or developmental purposes.
Is Dengue an arbovirus?
Arbovirus is an informal name for any virus that is transmitted by arthropod vectors….Signs and symptoms.
|Symptoms||Asymptomatic in most cases; fever, headache, rash, muscle, and joint pains|
|Complications||Shock, internal bleeding, and organ damage|
Is Ebola an arbovirus?
The Filoviridae consists of 2 genera: Ebolavirus (consisting of 5 species) and Marburgvirus (consisting of 2 species). The specific vectors of these viruses have not been confirmed, but fruit bats are the prime candidates; thus, Filoviridae are not arboviruses.
Does arbovirus cause encephalitis?
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. It is often caused by a viral infection. Arboviruses can cause encephalitis.
Is rabies an arbovirus?
The animal reservoir for arboviruses is quite varied. Birds are the most common, but monkeys and rodents serve as the reservoir for some arboviruses. Many mammals serve as a reservoir for rabies virus. In the United States, bats, skunks, and raccoons are common reservoirs, whereas worldwide, dogs are the most common.
Can arboviruses be cured?
Because this is a viral disease, antibiotics will not help. There are no effective antiviral medicines at this time. There is no specific treatment for encephalitis. The main goal is to ease symptoms and keep the person’s breathing and circulation working well while the infection runs its course.
Which of the following diseases are caused by arboviruses?
Vaccines are in development for the following arboviral diseases:
- Zika Virus.
- Dengue fever.
- Eastern Equine encephalitis.
- West Nile.
- Rift Valley Fever.
Where can I find out about the arbovirus?
From February 2014 to October 2017, the Uganda Virus Research Institute, in collaboration with the US Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, conducted arbovirus surveillance in acute febrile illness (AFI) patients at St Francis hospital in N Read More
How does arbovirus affect plants, animals and humans?
The five feature articles look at how arboviruses affect plants, animals and humans alike and cover a range of topics, from overviews of specific arboviruses to how to control the spread of the diseases they cause by targeting the vectors that facilitate their transmission. If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.
What is the abbreviation for arthropod borne virus?
Arbovirus is an informal name used to refer to any viruses that are transmitted by arthropod vectors. The word arbovirus is an acronym (arthropod-borne virus).
How are arboviruses classified according to their biological classification?
Currently, viruses are jointly classified according to Baltimore classification and a virus-specific system based on standard biological classification. With the exception of the African swine fever virus, which belongs to the Asfarviridae family of viruses, all major clinically important arboviruses belong to one of the following four groups: