How does hydralazine cause lupus?

Hydralazine forms antinuclear antibodies to H1 and the H3-H4 complex. Drugs that cause DILE usually take months to years before the associated symptoms occur, whereas flares of SLE due to drugs may occur within hours to days. Serositis may be prominent.

Can hydralazine cause lupus like symptoms?

Hydralazine induced lupus is frequently manifested by arthralgia, myalgia, fever, rash (malar rash is common), hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and pleuritis. Rare cases of glomerulonephritis, neuropsychiatric manifestations and pericarditis have been reported.

What blood pressure medications can trigger lupus?

The two drugs most often associated with drug-induced lupus are procainamide, which is used to treat irregular heart rhythms, and hydralazine, a high blood pressure medicine.

What drugs cause drug induced lupus list?

The most common medicines known to cause drug-induced lupus erythematosus are:

  • Isoniazid.
  • Hydralazine.
  • Procainamide.
  • Tumor-necrosis factor (TNF) alpha inhibitors (such as etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab)
  • Minocycline.
  • Quinidine.

What are the side effects of hydralazine?

Hydralazine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • flushing.
  • headache.
  • upset stomach.
  • vomiting.
  • loss of appetite.
  • diarrhea.
  • constipation.
  • eye tearing.

Can you take antibiotics with lupus?

Some people with lupus will have an allergic reaction to sulfa antibiotics, which may cause increased photosensitivity, skin rashes and lower white blood cell counts. This type of antibiotic should be avoided wherever possible.

Can hydralazine cause drug-induced lupus?

For people treated for one to two years at currently used doses of the high-risk drugs, approximately 5% of those taking hydralazine and 20% of those taking procainamide will develop drug-induced lupus.

What are the side effects of the blood pressure medicine hydralazine?

Headache, pounding/fast heartbeat, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dizziness may occur as your body adjusts to the medication. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Can Hashimoto’s turn into lupus?

Automimmune disorders that occur with increased frequency in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis include insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, myasthenia gravis, celiac disease, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, primary biliary cirrhosis, dermatitis …

How do you know if you have drug-induced lupus?

The symptoms of drug-induced lupus muscle and joint pain sometimes with swelling. flu-like symptoms of fatigue and fever. serositis (inflammation around the lungs or heart that causes pain or discomfort) certain laboratory test abnormalities.

What is the difference between lupus and drug-induced lupus?

Lupus is a condition that can happen when your body’s immune system attacks your healthy tissues and organs. Drug-induced lupus is when it’s caused by taking certain prescription medicines for months or years at a time.

What drugs can cause drug induced lupus?

Here is a list of the most common drugs which act as toxic agents causing drug-induced lupus. Procainamide. Hydrazine. Chlorpromazine. Quinidine. Isoniazid. Diltiazem. Minocycline.

Does hydralazine cause lupus like syndrome?

Long-term administration of hydralazine in large doses may cause a syndrome resembling lupus erythematosus, particularly in slow acetylators.

What are the symptoms of medication induced lupus?

Signs and symptoms of drug-induced lupus erythematosus include the following: Joint pain (arthralgia) and muscle pain (myalgia) Fatigue.

What medications cause lupus?

Medication causes: Common medications that may cause drug-induced lupus include hydralazine (Apresoline_), procainamide (Procan_, Pronestyle_), methyldopa (Aldornet_), quinidine (Quinaglute_), isoniazid (INH_), and some anti-seizure medications such as phenytoin ( Dilantin _) or carbamazepine ( Tegretol _).