How can you tell the difference between meningitis and encephalitis?

The hallmark signs of meningitis include some or all of the following: sudden fever, severe headache, nausea or vomiting, double vision, drowsiness, sensitivity to bright light, and a stiff neck. Encephalitis can be characterized by fever, seizures, change in behavior, and confusion and disorientation.

Is encephalitis or meningitis worse?

Individual cases of meningitis and encephalitis can vary greatly depending on their cause and severity. Therefore, it is not clear which is more serious and dangerous overall. Viral encephalitis and bacterial meningitis tend to be especially dangerous.

Are men more likely to get meningitis?

The reported attack rate for bacterial meningitis is 3.3 male cases per 100,000 population, compared with 2.6 female cases per 100,000 population. However, in meningitis caused by the mumps virus, males and females are affected equally. In neonates, the male-to-female ratio is 3:1.

Does encephalitis show up in bloodwork?

Samples of blood, urine or excretions from the back of the throat can be tested for viruses or other infectious agents. Electroencephalogram (EEG). Electrodes affixed to your scalp record the brain’s electrical activity. Certain abnormal patterns may indicate a diagnosis of encephalitis.

Does encephalitis go away by itself?

In mild cases of encephalitis, the inflammation will likely resolve in a few days. For people who have severe cases it may require weeks or months for them to get better. It can sometimes cause permanent brain damage or even death.

What triggers encephalitis?

Encephalitis is most often due to a virus, such as: herpes simplex viruses, which cause cold sores and genital herpes (this is the most common cause of encephalitis) the varicella zoster virus, which causes chickenpox and shingles. measles, mumps and rubella viruses.

Who is most at risk of meningitis?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.

Who is most likely to get bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is more common in infants under 1 year of age and people ages 16 to 21. College students living in dorms or other close quarters are at increased risk. Also at risk are adults with certain medical problems, including those without a spleen.

How does encephalitis feel?

Symptoms of encephalitis vary depending on the affected area of the brain, but often include headache, sensitivity to light, stiff neck, mental confusion and seizures. It’s important to see a doctor promptly if you are experiencing symptoms, which may not seem troubling at the time.