Do all states have mandatory newborn screening?

Today, all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico have newborn screening programs. This means that nearly every child born in the United States or Puerto Rico is screened shortly after birth. All states currently require newborn screening for at least 29 health conditions.

Is newborn screening mandatory by law?

Newborn screening laws have been on the books for approximately 40 years in some states. Most states have newborn screening statutes; however, some allow parents and/or guardians to refuse the screening,7 while other statutes require a refusal to be based on a religious exemption.

Can you decline newborn screening?

Can I refuse the Newborn Screening test? You can refuse testing only if it is in conflict with your religious beliefs or practices. You must then sign the test refusal section on the newborn screen test form.

Why is newborn screening required in the United States?

Newborn screening identifies conditions that can affect a child’s long-term health or survival. Early detection, diagnosis, and intervention can prevent death or disability and enable children to reach their full potential.

Is G6PD part of newborn screening?

G6PD deficiency is a major contributor to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, yet newborn screening for this disorder in the United States is not standard practice.

Is a PKU test required by law?

Although PKU is rare, all newborns in the United States are required to get a PKU test. The test is easy, with virtually no health risk. But it can save a baby from lifelong brain damage and/or other serious health problems.

How far back does umbilical cord drug test?

Umbilical Cord Testing uses 6 inches of umbilical cord tissue that and has a window of detection up to approximately 20 weeks prior to birth. Umbilical cord blood has the same blood drug detection window as standard blood drug tests, up to approximately 2-3 days prior to collection.